Bariatric surgery, also known as gastric bypass surgery is a life saving procedure for an obese person. It reduces weight and allows the stomach to heal. The diet also helps the stomach to get used to small amounts of food intake. Following a proper diet after the surgery helps in the successful completion of the surgery.
Following are some guidelines that should be followed to speed up the recovery after a bariatric surgery.
DIET BEFORE SURGERY
- Eating foods rich in protein and having plenty of fluids for about 7-14 days are recommended.
- Individuals should not consume more than 1000 calories per day.
DIET AFTER SURGERY
Diet for the 1st week
- Clear liquids like water, fat free milk, and fat free broth are recommended for about 1 to 2 days.
Diet for 2nd-4th week
- Food rich in protein and protein shakes should be consumed with a daily in-take of 60-70 grams of protein.
- Multivitamins in chewable or liquid form can be taken to avoid nutrient deficiencies.
- Avoid having caffeine and carbonated beverages.
- Calcium citrate supplements are recommended in a dose range of 400mg to 600mg.
Diet for 4th-5th week
- Soft meals (rich in protein) and cooked vegetables are included in the diet and the calorie intake should be probably not more than 500 calories per day.
- Protein diet which include lean chicken, lean turkey, fish, white eggs non- fat cheese and vegetables like potatoes, carrots, squash, green beans, tomatoes, cucumber and avocados are recommended.
- Multivitamins and calcium supplements may be recommended.
- Vitamin D3 and B12 supplements may be recommended.
Diet for week 6
- The solid food consisting of proteins, vegetables, low amount of grains and a little refine sugar are recommended.
- Previous intake of protein, vitamin supplements and clear liquids should be same.
- Include raw and cooked fruits, vegetables in the diet.
- Foods which are difficult to digest like beef, shellfish, grapes, nuts, whole grains, corns, beans should be taken with caution.
- Total calorie intake per day should be in the range of 800 to 1200 and up to 1500 for 18 months.
Following are the general guidelines that should be followed include:
- Eat healthy food
- Avoid having spicy and greasy food
- Slowly introduce the new foods
- Don’t eat junk food, fast food
- Avoid drinking whole milk
- Drink plenty of water
Foods which are consumed with caution include:
- Milk products that may result in problems like bloating, gas, cramps.
- Carbohydrates and starches that may result in blockage of digestive system.
- Vegetables and fruits which are difficult to digest may result in problems like vomiting and abdominal cramps.
- Tough meat that may get stuck while swallowing and may result in vomiting.
Foods to be avoided include:
Foods that should be eliminated from a diet include oily food, food containing saturated fat, sweets and sugar containing products. Avoiding the consumption of alcohol will be helpful.
Include physical exercise in your routine. Start with walking; running and gradually take up weight lifting and aerobics. Ensure dedicating at least 30 minutes of you time in any kind of exercise for 5 to 7 times in a week. Follow the diet and keep an eye on your calorie count.
Gastric bypass surgery is safe and an effective weight loss surgery. Bariatric surgery will result in successful long term weight loss. Studies have shown that 90% of the people suffering from obesity have seen drastic results after undergoing a bariatric surgery. It also helps in improving the overall quality of life in terms of health and longevity. The diets will help in speeding up the recovery process. Follow these dietary guidelines to stay healthy and happy.