10 Things to Know Before the Procedure of Gastric Sleeve Surgery

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Gastric sleeve surgery also called the Sleeve Gastrectomy has become a preferred option for the patients who seek out first-rate weight loss without any fuss; it is an uncomplicated procedure in which high maintenance is not required. However, before the surgery, there are certain things that patients must know before undergoing the surgery otherwise, it might lead to some complications.
Know the Surgeon
The most significant step is selecting the surgeon cautiously as he/she is going to be the one who has to do the job. Some people choose the surgeon according to the price offered, however, this is not the apt way to choose. A surgeon with the appropriate skills, training, and experience must be chosen. There must be a trust between the surgeon and the patient in order to carry out the surgery effortlessly.

Quit Smoking

The patient will have to quit smoking entirely, at least a month before the surgery. It is important for the success of the surgery to stop smoking, if not permanently, then at least temporarily.

Restrain from Alcohol

Unlike smoking, it is not mandatory to quit alcohol unless the patient is an addict. Nonetheless, in order to avoid upsetting the stomach before the surgery, alcohol consumption must not be done at least a week before the procedure.

Be Transparent with the Surgeon

Sharing the medical history of the patient with the surgeon is very crucial to minimize the complications. The information regarding regular medications and all the diseases and surgeries in the past must be shared since it is very useful in determining and preparing the course of action.

Follow Medication Recommendations

It is very important to follow the instructions of the surgeon and take the medicines accordingly. In case the patient suffers from a chronic disease, it must be informed to the surgeon in order to handle it aptly and avoid tricky situations later.

Preparing Physically

Physical preparation of the patient before surgery is possible by making some minor changes in daily routine such as starting to exercise regularly before surgery for at least 30 minutes. Though the exercise should not be much intense, just the minimal stretching exercises to keep the body up and going. Exercising will lead to the development of a better lung capacity which will lessen the chances of respiratory complications.

Preparing Mentally

The mental preparation is indeed the most significant step as it strengthens the patient to bear the pain. Also, a psychological evaluation of the patient is performed in order to find out that there is no contraindication to undertake the surgery procedure. Further, it is necessary that the patient is completely aware of the implications and the commitments to follow-up medical suggestions.

Eating Right

It is necessary for every patient to follow a pre operative diet given by the bariatric surgeon. The day before the surgery, a light meal is recommended and no food should be consumed after 8 pm and no liquids after midnight.

The Paperwork

The surgery may or may not be covered by the patient’s health insurance. In order to avoid any discrepancies later, make sure to complete the paperwork and get it approved beforehand.

Preoperative Evaluation before Surgery

The evaluation earlier than the surgery is nearly as vital as the surgery itself. An adequate preoperative evaluation will lower the chances of complications in the later stages and will increase the chances of the surgery being a success.
All these things should be kept in mind and cautiously taken care of in order to undergo an unproblematic and proper surgery with the assistance of a well trained surgeon.

Causes and Treatment for Influenza and Pneumonia Disease

Meaning and Etymology

Influenza A Virus or commonly known as flu is caused by an infectious disease called Influenza Virus. On observation, the symptoms might include high fever, sore throat, running nose, headache, muscle pain and fatigue. After two days of exposure to the virus, the symptoms start to become more noticeable than before.
Pneumonia on the other hand is a disease which causes inflammation of the lungs which primarily affects the alveoli. On observation, the symptoms might include dry cough, fever, breathing troubles and chest pain. Both cause due to different external factors which affect the immunity of the body. However, they share a similarity as they are both associated to causing problems in the respiratory system.

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Early Signs For Liver Failure

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The liver is a vital organ in the body and when your liver functions well it helps to clean the blood, digest food and also aids in fighting infections. The liver is the only organ that manages to regenerate and replace the damaged cells and tissues with new ones. However, there are times when your liver stops functioning efficiently and while you might not realize it at the start, later on you suffer from serious health problems because of a damaged liver. If you want to protect your liver, you need to look out for the early signs of liver damage. Here are some early liver damage signs that you need to be aware of.
Urine And Stool
It is not commonly known however an infection in the liver also causes the color of your urine and stool to change considerably. When you are infected with jaundice, you will notice that your urine has become dark in color and stool has become pale in color. Once your notice this happening, you need to rush to your doctor for a thorough checkup.
Bruising
Another symptom that you should be aware of is bruising. People suffering from any kind of damage to the liver will end up getting bruised and they may even bleed easily. This happens mostly because of the liver slowing down or completely stopping the production of the proteins that are needed to assist with blood clotting.
Yellow Skin And Eyes
Jaundice is one of the major illnesses that can damage your liver and cause it to fail. While a lot of people don’t realize they are suffering from jaundice until it’s too late, one of the best ways to learn about the condition is to check your skin and eyes. If you start to see a yellowish tinge on your skin or eyes, this could be jaundice. There are some people who suffer from hepatitis, cancer, infections and liver failure when they ignore this problem.
Swelling
When the liver stops functioning properly, there is a lot of water retention that happens in the legs and the abdomen. This can cause a lot of discomfort and swelling.
Itchy Skin
One of the most common ways to learn about your liver is to observe the nature of your skin. In most cases, people suffer from an itch on their skin even though there’s no sign of a rash or an allergy on the skin. This itch is caused because of the inability of the liver to purify the blood in the body. If you’ve been itching your skin even though you don’t have an allergy or a rash, visit the doctor and get your liver checked.
Irrespective of what symptoms you may have, you need to make sure that you go ahead and get yourself tested with your doctor as soon as possible. There may be times that you receive mild symptoms such as tiredness or occasional itching. In such cases as well, you should get a thorough test done to ensure your liver is healthy.

7 SIGNS OF AN ELBOW FRACTURE

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Basically, the human elbow is simply a hinge-type joint which is made up of three small bones, which are the humerus, the radius, and the ulna. Fractures of the elbow are recorded when there is either a fall (and directly with the elbow) or a direct impact to the elbow or even still a twisting injury taking place on the arm. Most times, when these fractures occur in the elbow, there are possibilities of dislocations, strains and sprains coming alongside with it. These sorts of injuries to the elbow are common not just to children alone but to adults as well.  When a fracture occurs on the elbow, it makes it difficult for the elbow to perform its two main types of movements which are basically rotations and bending.

In the case of an elbow fracture, early notice and adequate treatment of the fracture can go a long way to reduce the risk of any complications arising from the fracture or even a possibility of a disability in the future. Normally, an x-ray is used to confirm the extent of the fracture as to whether the bones are still in place or not. Although in rare cases, a computed tomography (CT) scan can be required to review further details.

What Are The Signs Of A Fractured Elbow?

The truth is that it is not in all cases of elbow fracture that it is easy to find out that one’s elbow has been fractured. This is simply because it is possible that one can have a bruise, sprain or even a complete break of a bone and cannot detect it quickly. Listed below are 7 signs to help you quickly in identifying that your elbow has been fractured and needs urgent medical attention;

  • Stiffness around the elbow region
  • Severe and prolonged pain
  • Pop or crack on the elbow
  • Cuts and bleeding around the elbow
  • Swelling of the elbow
  • Steady weakness or Numbness in the arm, wrist and hand
  • Visible appearance of deformity

Treatment of Fractured Elbow

In the treatment of fractured elbow, the method to be adopted is dependent on the type of fracture because some fracture appears to be more severe than others. When the fractures are unstable, a surgical method is applied in the treatment of the elbow.  This surgical method is also used to stabilize or remove the fragment of the bone when the fracture is open. On the other hand, whenever the bones are not out of place and are not too severe, other treatment methods such as the use of cast and the use of the sling is applied. In the consideration of age, however, casts are often used in term of treating elbow fracture in children when they don’t require surgical operations. This is because their bones are still young and there are lesser chances of getting elbow stiffness. While in an adult who does not require surgery, the doctor most times prescribes the use of rehabilitation in order to maximize movement and also reduce likely risk of elbow stiffness.

3 ways to give yourself a hand massage for sore wrist

Wrist

Either intentionally or not, every human make good use of their hands, wrists as well as forearms on daily basis more than they do with any other part of the body. And as such, it becomes necessary to always give your hand muscles a massage to relieve tensions once in a while. Sore wrists occur as a result of the daily and regular activities that are carried out by the hand. These include lifting various kinds of weights, working in the yard, typing on a computer, playing table or lawn tennis, writing etc. When people undertake yoga, the yogis most times tend to spend an extra amount of time on the hands, wrists and forearm since these parts of the body are always undergoing some amount of stress and pressure. For individuals that don’t take yoga classes and you occasionally have wrist pain or sore which do interfere with your day to day work, fortunately for you, there are easy ways through which you can give yourself a hand massage in order to relieve any tension and remove sore wrist. Here are 3 of these ways;

Wrist Massage with a Tennis Ball

A cheap and easy to use massage tool anyone can get is a tennis ball. To perform this message, get a tennis ball and hold onto it in between your both hands and your palms open as well, or you can place the ball on your elbow (the outside edge knob), then press and vigorously roll the tennis ball along your forearm into your hands until the pain on the wrist and the muscle tension reduces. In the absence of a tennis ball, a frozen bottle of water can as well be used for the same purpose.

The Forearm Rub

In the forearm is the muscles that control the wrist and so when the most tensed part of the forearm (which may appear as a lump or possibly a knot) is located and adequate pressure applied, one can indeed relieve a lot of tension on the wrist. To carry the forearm rub, first apply gently and gradually a small quantity of lotion on your forearm, then move your finger or thumb slowly from one end of your wrist to your elbow and back to find the tensed point. When located, stay there and continuously increase the pressure as much as you can bear for about 3 to 5 minutes, then rub your middle finger throughout your forearm and wrist to generally reduce soreness.

Palm Massage

To perform this massage, you open your right hand wide and then place your left thumb on the base of the open right hand and wrap to wrap your fingers round the back of your right hand. After that, move gently your left thumb in form of a circle. This will help release every tension around you’re the pad of your large thumb. Do the same thing for each of your fingers and also along the side of your right palms.

Not Everyone Lives Happily Ever After Weight Loss Surgery

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Weight Loss Surgery is for sure gaining popularity among the people who suffer from obesity and has been verified as an efficient method to get rid of the excess fat from time to time, however, it is not necessarily satisfying everyone. The surgery is making people happy in some ways but is also causing loads of problems. Most of the thesis regarding this matter has proved that the surgery leads to an increase in the quality of life; however, not everyone stays happy following the surgery.

Satisfaction with Misery
The weight loss surgery results in radical changes in the physical and mental well being of the patient. After the surgery, there is an instant boost in confidence due to leaner body structure and this confidence can be perceived as a sign of success. Nonetheless, the surgery leaves behind a sequence of small ailments which gradually starts messing with the well being of the patient. Many people experience a ‘newer’ self post the procedure and do see positive results, however, the realization of the need of undergoing such a drastic transformation for success and happiness strikes hard and becomes the reason behind all the grief. Patients feel ashamed to let the world know about their surgery and rather than telling about surgery, they lie about being on a diet when the weight loss issue comes up.

Excessive Loose Skin

Post the surgery, the patients, especially women become very conscious about their naked body and start getting self-doubt about their appearance once again leading to the return of all that misery that was there in the past. And most of this misery is a result of the loose skin, a general consequence of the surgery. Patients do not give attention to this fact before since they are told that this kind of consequence can be taken care of in the later stages but when it actually appears, the fixing is not that easy and the patients are forced to live with the consequences against their will. Although there are surgical procedures to remove the excess skin, patients are not willing to take the risk of undergoing another surgery and then dealing with its repercussions such as seroma or hematoma formation, infection and risks related to future pregnancies.

Low Quality of Life

The patients have to face, comparatively, a lower quality of life post undergoing the weight loss surgery procedure. There is a risk of developing chronic stomach and intestine disorders. Some critical cases like this might also lead to a requirement of another surgery in later stages. The stamina and energy level is also negatively affected after the weight loss surgery and the patients find it difficult to do their daily tasks with the same energy they did prior to the surgery. Not just health issues, but the surgery also affects the lifestyle and many patients start to run away from food or start eating too little or too much or eating at an inappropriate time which gradually results in eating disorders. Because of such eating disorders, the patients start experiencing nausea, tiredness, dizziness and intense shaking.
All these consequences of the weight loss surgery severely affect the physical, mental and emotional health of the patient rather than making him/her healthy and happy as contemplated. Undeniably, there are many patients who do not live happily ever after post the surgery.

Being Mindful About Weight Loss

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Weight loss is something that strikes everyone’s mind. At least once in the lifetime everyone has gone through this “weight loss” phase. Everyone wants to be fit and fine and they try their level best to burn down the fats and look slim and trim. But sometimes it becomes an obsession, and when desire becomes obsession, blunder happens. Sometimes people become so desperate to lose weight that they stop thinking about the side effects and start working out like crazy which ultimately weakens them. So if you desire something, you need to plan for it too. So is the weight loss. If you want to lose weight effectively then you need to keep some points before proceeding.

Workout in proper amount
Everyone knows working out burns the fats and carbs. But a few people know that the adequate amount of workout results in positive way. Just because workout burns the fats that doesn’t mean the more you work out the more you will lose weight. There is a mechanism and limitation that exercises carry. So heavy working out won’t get you desired results. So you need to prepare the best list for the amount of workout needed. Consult your gym trainer for better results or someone who have experience in this field because assumption is too dangerous for your health. Take reference from YouTube if needed but talk to someone experienced before preparing the chart.

Proper diet & proper health
Only workout won’t get you desired health. For that you need complimentary diet. Working out will burn all the carbs but you need proteins as well as minerals with the less amount of fats. Having proper maintained diet is an easy way to avoid fats without heavy workout. Choosing a proper diet is also very tricky. So never choose your diet only on your own. Always opt for proper dietitian for it because they know well what your intake should be and what you should avoid. So always try to take advice by a dietitian.

Consult Doctor first
This should be the first and foremost thing because every time you think you are fat or over healthy or too bulky for your height, that doesn’t only mean working out or maintaining a proper diet would help you out. There are many other reasons for this. There might be some hormonal problems which are causing this so before drawing any conclusion you should consult a doctor. Once you take a step it can’t be reversed so it’s better to take the precaution and opt for the doctor before doing anything.

Healthy lifestyle
If you are thinking only a diet or workout would solve your problem then you are wrong. A healthy lifestyle is the primary thing you must adopt. Having a healthy lifestyle includes doing things at perfect time like sleeping and waking up, having lunch or other diets at proper time etc. only a healthy lifestyle gives you the motivation of a proper health.
Losing weight is not a tedious job but it would seem easy if it’s done properly. If all the steps affecting are taken care of properly then your desire of losing weight can be fulfilled.

 

DIETARY GUIDELINES AFTER BARIATRIC SURGERY

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Bariatric surgery, also known as gastric bypass surgery is a life saving procedure for an obese person. It reduces weight and allows the stomach to heal. The diet also helps the stomach to get used to small amounts of food intake. Following a proper diet after the surgery helps in the successful completion of the surgery.

Following are some guidelines that should be followed to speed up the recovery after a bariatric surgery.

DIET BEFORE SURGERY

  • Eating foods rich in protein and having plenty of fluids for about 7-14 days are recommended.
  • Individuals should not consume more than 1000 calories per day.

DIET AFTER SURGERY

Diet for the 1st week

  • Clear liquids like water, fat free milk, and fat free broth are recommended for about 1 to 2 days.

Diet for 2nd-4th week

  • Food rich in protein and protein shakes should be consumed with a daily in-take of 60-70 grams of protein.
  • Multivitamins in chewable or liquid form can be taken to avoid nutrient deficiencies.
  • Avoid having caffeine and carbonated beverages.
  • Calcium citrate supplements are recommended in a dose range of 400mg to 600mg.

Diet for 4th-5th week

  • Soft meals (rich in protein) and cooked vegetables are included in the diet and the calorie intake should be probably not more than 500 calories per day.
  • Protein diet which include lean chicken, lean turkey, fish, white eggs non- fat cheese and vegetables like potatoes, carrots, squash, green beans, tomatoes, cucumber and avocados are recommended.
  • Multivitamins and calcium supplements may be recommended.
  • Vitamin D3 and B12 supplements may be recommended.

 

Diet for week 6

  • The solid food consisting of proteins, vegetables, low amount of grains and a little refine sugar are recommended.
  • Previous intake of protein, vitamin supplements and clear liquids should be same.
  • Include raw and cooked fruits, vegetables in the diet.
  • Foods which are difficult to digest like beef, shellfish, grapes, nuts, whole grains, corns, beans should be taken with caution.
  • Total calorie intake per day should be in the range of 800 to 1200 and up to 1500 for 18 months.

Following are the general guidelines that should be followed include:

  • Eat healthy food
  • Avoid having spicy and greasy food
  • Slowly introduce the new foods
  • Don’t eat junk food, fast food
  • Avoid drinking whole milk
  • Drink plenty of water

Foods which are consumed with caution include:

  • Milk products that may result in problems like bloating, gas, cramps.
  • Carbohydrates and starches that may result in blockage of digestive system.
  • Vegetables and fruits which are difficult to digest may result in problems like vomiting and abdominal cramps.
  • Tough meat that may get stuck while swallowing and may result in vomiting.

Foods to be avoided include:

Foods that should be eliminated from a diet include oily food, food containing saturated fat, sweets and sugar containing products. Avoiding the consumption of alcohol will be helpful.

Include physical exercise in your routine. Start with walking; running and gradually take up weight lifting and aerobics. Ensure dedicating at least 30 minutes of you time in any kind of exercise for 5 to 7 times in a week. Follow the diet and keep an eye on your calorie count.

Gastric bypass surgery is safe and an effective weight loss surgery. Bariatric surgery will result in successful long term weight loss. Studies have shown that 90% of the people suffering from obesity have seen drastic results after undergoing a bariatric surgery. It also helps in improving the overall quality of life in terms of health and longevity. The diets will help in speeding up the recovery process. Follow these dietary guidelines to stay healthy and happy.